Format for Bird Investigation (Field Study) Report Science 7

Due Thursday/Friday 27/28 March. Turn in paper copy. Post as link on subpage on your blog.

(bird photos from our campus on the shared folder at–

Y:\MS-Student_Shared\birdssci7p1345 )

TITLE (this can use the same phrases as your question)


The purpose of this section is to let the reader know the “lead-up” to the investigation.

a)      Describe ideas you had about birds—in general, in India, and at AES—BEFORE conducting the investigation.

b)      Describe your previous experience watching/noticing birds and studying birds (nature videos, books, magazines, etc.).

c)      Describe research/information relevant to your question. Be sure to cite completely and correctly.

d)     Describe class activities leading up to the investigation.

e)      Describe the origin of your question(s). Explain your motivation in choosing the question(s).


Clearly articulate the question(s) under investigation. Avoid yes/no and single answer questions. At this stage avoid why questions. Remember that the purpose is to describe some aspect of birds (as the organism of interest in the study of biodiversity) on the AES campus.


Explain what you thought the answer(s) to your question(s) would be BEFORE you carried out the investigation. Explain why you had such expectations. You may/should refer to points raised in the background section. Any suspicion you had about the target question(s) before conducting the investigation can/should be mentioned.

METHODS (Procedures)

The methods section should be broken systematically into smaller sub-sections. Think of how you should sequence the information in this section. Describe in detail how you approached the questions. Provide a clear and thorough description of the things you did. (Do not include any results in this section).


Describe the location in detail and the dates and times observations were made. Describe the things that were observed, counted, and measured. How, for example, were units of behavior defined? Describe how the observations were recorded. Describe how decisions were made to change locations, for example. If you shifted methods during the observation period, be sure to explain this clearly and to explain why the methods were changed.

Make sure that you explain why the methods you used addressed the question(s) you posed.


In this section, you need to present your observations in an organized and systematic fashion. You may have charts, diagrams, sketches, photographs, video segments, and anecdotal descriptions. It is very important to have a reason for organizing your findings as you do. You may certainly include a comment at the beginning of the section to explain to the reader how and why you have organized the findings/results as you have.


In this section, you explain to the reader what you think the findings reveal about your question. Review your question(s) and your expectation(s). Describe how your observations relate to the question(s) and expectation(s). You need to discuss your findings thoroughly. Think about the best way to sequence and organize the discussion. You can break this into sub-sections if you think it will make the analysis more systematic. You should have NO new results presented here. If you think you have found any patterns among the data, explain them in this section. Be sure to link your speculations with the data. You should also cite published research / information that relates to your ideas. Any reference needs to be cited correctly and completely. Because this investigation comes as a part of our study of biodiversity, you should relate your interpretation of data to ideas about the diversity of living things in the environment. What do your findings suggest about the survival / reproduction of specific kinds of bird in the local environment?


Summarize the main points of your discussion / analysis. What are the implications of your investigation? Suggest new questions and the direction future investigations should take. Explain your thinking. Discuss improvements / modifications to your methods.


Complete list of references used/cited. Follow the format you know from Humanities OR you may use APA style, which is what most is used most frequently in science. A URL is not sufficient. If you use any photographs be sure you have permission and give credit to the photographer.



Describe something you observed during this investigation that you had never seen or thought about before. Describe your thoughts and feelings about a schoolyard organism that you observed firsthand. How would you describe your thoughts and feelings about nature and biodiversity? How important do you find it to learn about other living things through your own observations?



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